What is Neurobic Exercises?
Neurobics are activities, or mental (cognitive) exercises that stimulate the brain, prevent memory loss, and improve memory recall. Just as physical exercise stimulates the muscles, so the muscle of the brain is stimulated with Neurobic exercise.
Stroke patients who experience poor memory or impaired thinking or less attention span along with less analysing power may benefit from Neurobic exercises.
You’re about to discover some effective cognitive exercises for stroke patients that you can do at home or with the help B2LCARE.COM neuro physiotherapist.
How Cognitive function by Brain Stroke or Parkinson's Disease ?
According to Dr Suvradeep Ganguly In the case of a stroke or Parkinsonism Disease, one or more cognitive domains may be affected, including attention, memory, language, and orientation. The highest impact of stroke at the time of diagnosis is on the attention and executive functions rather than on memory, which may be impaired at various post-stroke intervals. Previous studies show that post-stroke memory prevalence varies from 23% to 55% 3 months after stroke, ending with a decline from 11% to 31% 1 year after stroke onset.Cognitive impairment after a stroke is common and leads to PSD. PSD includes all dementia types that occur after a stroke, including ; degenerative dementia, particularly Alzheimer’s disease (AD); or mixed dementia .
How to Improve Memory and Thinking with Cognitive Exercises
Cognitive exercise can help sharpen your memory and thinking but need to be practiced consistently. Consistency is key for neuroplasticity, which is how the brain heals after stroke.
Although memory may be impaired due to the damage from stroke, neuroplasticity allows the brain to heal and recuperate. Specifically, it allows the brain to form new neural networks and rewire itself to heal from the damage.
The brain develops and strengthens neural pathways based on the patterns that you repeatedly practice. That’s why therapists recommend you to do specific exercises repeatedly. The repetitive stimulation helps rewire the brain and improve those skills.
The more you practice cognitive exercises, the more your memory and thinking may improve.
If you need help with cognitive rehabilitation after a stroke, it’s a good idea to work with a speech-language pathologist. These experts can help diagnose your problem areas and create a treatment plan just for you.
Recovery is more successful working with a therapist at least once a week, then practicing cognitive training exercises on your own between sessions.
1. Visual/Spatial Processing Games
While designing your cognitive therapy regimen, it’s important to include activities that exercise your visual/spatial processing. This includes tasks that challenge you to identify visual differences and how they are positioned in a space.
It challenges you to find one small difference between two otherwise identical pictures. You can use this app as part of your cognitive therapy regimen.
The What’s the Difference app is a great example for this game. You can download it from Google Play Store.
2. Count Money
This cognitive exercise helps with quantitative reasoning. Place a handful of varied coins on a table. Gather 10-20 random coins and count the total value. Counting will help stimulate the brain and improve cognitive function.
3. Brain Teasers
“Brain teasers” like Sudoku, word searches, and crossword puzzles are excellent cognitive exercises for stroke patients. They are challenging and can improve your analytical and quantitative reasoning.
4. ASSOCIATION OF IDEAS
The first player says any word he likes, and the second player immediately adds the first word that comes into his mind, and so on with each player in turn. When one or two rounds are completed, the players try to rewind from the last word to the first. Example: table, leg, run, rabbit. Note: Players must try to speak spontaneously and not prepare what they are going to say before their turn. There should be no helping each other while the game is in progress. It is interesting to find out whether players can still recall the list half an hour later
5.Game FUZZ and BUZZ
FUZZ BUZZ This is a harder version of FUZZ. As the number five is replaced by FUZZ, so the number seven is replaced by BUZZ, with multiples of seven becoming TWO BUZZ, THREE BUZZ, and so on, as for FUZZ as well. NOTE: a mistake in either of these two games should mean that the player who makes it is out of the game but it is better not to be too strict. Either count a point against the player, or correct him/her and continue the game.
Meditation has been shown to help stroke patients improve cognitive function as well as reduce stress and anxiety. Specifically, it improves the cognitive skills of attention, mental flexibility, and information processing.
There are many apps or YouTube resources that guide you through meditation or provide relaxing music. Your brain can only think of one thing at a time and when you can redirect your thoughts to something positive, it reduces your stress level and promotes clear thinking.
For example, Aura is a meditation app that gives you a different guided meditation every day. YouTube has multiple videos for guided imagery meditation for sleep, anxiety, and healing.
SOME FINAL WORDS ON COGNITIVE CHANGES FOLLOWING STROKE MEMORY - After a stroke, problems remembering what has been said or done, forgetting people’s names or faces, and forgetting to do things, may occur. It may also take longer to learn new things and adapt to changes. · Use notebooks, calendars and diaries
· Keep things in specific places
· Set up regular routines CONCENTRATION - After a stroke sometimes it is harder to pay attention and to stay alert for a reasonable amount of time. It can also be difficult to concentrate on more than one task at a time.
· Choose simpler tasks
· Do things for shorter periods of time
· Reduce distractions
· Do only one thing at a time SPEED OF PROCESSING AND RESPONDING - Some people will take longer to process information and respond after a stroke. They may take longer to perform tasks than previously.
· Allow more time to complete tasks
· Allow time to respond rather than responding for the person
· Be patient PLANNING AND SEQUENCING - After a stroke some people may have trouble organising the order in which to do things. They may experience difficulty planning the steps needed to achieve the task.
· Divide tasks into smaller logical steps
· Do simpler versions of the tasks with fewer steps
· Use written instructions PROBLEM SOLVING AND DECISION-MAKING - After a stroke some people may experience difficulty solving problems and making decisions. The person may find it hard to come up with solutions or the trouble may be getting stuck on one idea and not being able to think of alternatives.
· Allow time to consider alternatives
· Provide clear, simple instructions
· Provide assistance with generating and evaluating ideas or solutions.
Getting Help with Cognitive Training After Stroke
If any of the cognitive training exercises above resonate with you, try to practice them on a regular basis. Repetition is key to recover after stroke, including cognitive rehabilitation.
Consider therapy with a speech-language pathologist that can create a custom regimen that targets your problem areas.
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