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Brain Gym for Brain Stroke and Parkinson's Patient with help of Neurobic Exercises

Updated: Dec 23, 2023

What is Neurobic Exercises?

Neurobics are activities, or mental (cognitive) exercises that stimulate the brain, prevent memory loss, and improve memory recall. Just as physical exercise stimulates the muscles, so the muscle of the brain is stimulated with Neurobic exercise.

Stroke patients who experience poor memory or impaired thinking or less attention span along with less analysing power may benefit from Neurobic exercises.

You’re about to discover some effective cognitive exercises for stroke patients that you can do at home or with the help B2LCARE.COM neuro physiotherapist.

How Cognitive function impair functional of Brain Stroke and Parkinson's Disease ?

According to Dr Suvradeep Ganguly In the case of a stroke or Parkinsonism Disease, one or more cognitive domains may be affected, including attention, memory, language, and orientation. Functional outcome after stroke have historically relied upon clinical measurements of stroke severity, motor function, and participant characteristics, such as age and sex. The impact of cognitive function has been largely overlooked.

 In various cross section studying is concluded that : The cognitive impairment had a significant impact on functional performance after stroke. Hence, more attention need to be given to the cognitive status of patients after stroke in order to accomplish a more efficient rehabilitation and promote functional abilities of stroke survivors. Henceforth for better outcome of a physically disabled patient physiotherapist must deal with mental status of patient and their family members.

What is cognitive Behavior:

  Cognitive: Refers to our thoughts and all other mind activities including memories, images and our focus of attention.

  Behavior: Behavior includes all that you do such as task, activities (or you don’t do) -Such as avoiding situation or being quite instead of speaking up.

How cognitive behavior related to Neuroplasticity:

Neuroplasticity is the brain's ability to change and adapt due to experience.

It is an umbrella term referring to the brain's ability to change, reorganize, or grow neural networks.

overall cognitive status can vary across an individual's life span in response to factors that promote either positive or negative neuroplasticity.

Positive neuroplasticity refers to he physiological ability of the brain to form and strengthen dendritic connections, produce beneficial morphological changes, and increase cognitive reserve.

 Negative neuroplasticity refers to the same physiological ability of the brains to atrophy and weaken dendritic connections, produce detrimental morphological changes, and decrease cognitive reserve

How to Improve Memory and Thinking with Cognitive Exercises

The brain develops and strengthens neural pathways based on the patterns that you repeatedly practice. That’s why therapists recommend you to do specific exercises repeatedly. The repetitive stimulation helps rewire the brain and improve those skills.

The more you practice cognitive exercises, the more your memory and thinking may improve.

If you need help with cognitive rehabilitation after a stroke, it’s a good idea to work with a speech-language pathologist. These experts can help diagnose your problem areas and create a treatment plan just for you.

Recovery is more successful working with a therapist at least once a week, then practicing cognitive training exercises on your own between sessions.

1. Visual/Spatial Processing Games

While designing your cognitive therapy regimen, it’s important to include activities that exercise your visual/spatial processing. This includes tasks that challenge you to identify visual differences and how they are positioned in a space.

It challenges you to find one small difference between two otherwise identical pictures. You can use this app as part of your cognitive therapy regimen.

The What’s the Difference app is a great example for this game. You can download it from Google Play Store.

2. Count Money

This cognitive exercise helps with quantitative reasoning. Place a handful of varied coins on a table. Gather 10-20 random coins and count the total value. Counting will help stimulate the brain and improve cognitive function.

3. Brain Teasers

“Brain teasers” like Sudoku, word searches, and crossword puzzles are excellent cognitive exercises for stroke patients. They are challenging and can improve your analytical and quantitative reasoning.


The first player says any word he likes, and the second player immediately adds the first word that comes into his mind, and so on with each player in turn. When one or two rounds are completed, the players try to rewind from the last word to the first. Example: table, leg, run, rabbit. Note: Players must try to speak spontaneously and not prepare what they are going to say before their turn. There should be no helping each other while the game is in progress. It is interesting to find out whether players can still recall the list half an hour later

5.Game FUZZ and BUZZ

FUZZ BUZZ This is a harder version of FUZZ. As the number five is replaced by FUZZ, so the number seven is replaced by BUZZ, with multiples of seven becoming TWO BUZZ, THREE BUZZ, and so on, as for FUZZ as well. NOTE: a mistake in either of these two games should mean that the player who makes it is out of the game but it is better not to be too strict. Either count a point against the player, or correct him/her and continue the game.

Meditation Apps

Meditation has been shown to help stroke patients improve cognitive function as well as reduce stress and anxiety. Specifically, it improves the cognitive skills of attention, mental flexibility, and information processing.

There are many apps or YouTube resources that guide you through meditation or provide relaxing music. Your brain can only think of one thing at a time and when you can redirect your thoughts to something positive, it reduces your stress level and promotes clear thinking.

For example, Aura is a meditation app that gives you a different guided meditation every day. YouTube has multiple videos for guided imagery meditation for sleep, anxiety, and healing.

What can Physiotherapist do about Cognitive problems? :

The brain develops and strengthens neural pathways based on the patterns that you repeatedly practice. That’s why therapists recommend you to do specific exercises or task repeatedly. As per various case study it is proved that certain Neurobic exercises help to build brain neural connection like physical exercises build muscular connection.

Before any environment, successful or otherwise, can be created, action of some kind is necessary, and before any action is possible, there must be thought of some kind, either conscious or unconscious, and as thought is a product of mind, it becomes evident that Mind is the creative center from which all activities proceed.

Few daily activities for developing positive cognitive function:

1.      Cognitive Behavioral therapy.

2.      Law of attraction

3.      Manifestation

4.      Vision Board.

5.      Meditation

Other activities that can help in PSCI as

1.      Don’t be to hard on themselves.

2.      Activity with enough rest.

3.      Finds way to relax

4.      Returning to work

5.      Looks into aids and Equipment


Tips for family and friends:

1. Be patient 

2. Be Encouraging 

3.Give information in the right way.

4. Build a positive ambiance.

 5. Involvement in family decision.

  6.Don’t do everything for them  

 7. Help them to get support.

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