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Neuro Physiotherapy to enhance Balance and stability of paralysis patients


At later stage of paralysis Neuro physiotherapy treatment Balance exercises are crucial for enhancing their quality of life

 

1. Fall prevention: Paralysis can affect muscle strength and coordination, increasing the risk of falls. Balance exercises help improve stability and reduce the likelihood of falls, which can lead to serious injuries.

 

2. Improved mobility: By enhancing balance, individuals with paralysis can improve their ability to move around safely and independently. This can contribute to a better quality of life and increased confidence in daily activities.

 

3. Muscle activation and strength: Balance exercises often engage core muscles and lower body muscles, which can help maintain or improve muscle strength even in areas affected by paralysis. This can lead to better overall function and mobility.

 

4. Neurological benefits: Engaging in balance exercises can help stimulate the nervous system and promote Neuroplasticity, which is the brain's ability to reorganize itself by forming new neural connections. This can potentially lead to improvements in motor control and coordination over time.

 

5. Psychological well-being: Regular physical activity, including balance exercises, can have positive effects on mental health by reducing stress, boosting mood, and increasing self-esteem. For individuals with paralysis, this can be especially important in coping with the challenges of their condition.

 

Engaging in exercises on a Balance board can be a highly challenging but rewarding task for the patient. This activity demands quick reactions, motor reflexes, and coordination, all of which contribute to enhancing the Neuroplasticity of the patient.





Balance board use in neuro physiotherapy treatment
Balance Board

Using a balance board for exercises that incorporate hand activities can be a great way to optimize body coordination and improve fast motor reflexes. This type of training challenges not only balance and stability but also coordination between the upper and lower body, as well as reflexes. Here are some balance board exercises with hand activities that can help enhance body coordination and fast motor reflexes:

 

1. Ball toss: Stand on the balance board and toss a small ball back and forth between your hands while maintaining balance. This exercise helps improve hand-eye coordination and reflexes.

 

2. Balancing with object manipulation: Hold objects like small hand weights, bean bags, or resistance bands in your hands while balancing on the board. Perform various movements such as bicep curls, shoulder presses, or lateral raises to challenge coordination and reflexes.

 

3. Drawing shapes: Place a piece of paper on the floor and stand on the balance board. Use a pen or marker in your hand to draw various shapes or patterns while maintaining balance. This exercise requires coordination between hand movements and body stability.

 

4. Catch and throw: Stand on the balance board and have a partner toss a small object (like a bean bag or soft ball) to you. Catch the object and toss it back while maintaining balance. This exercise helps improve reaction time and hand-eye coordination.

 

catch and throw exercises to enhance balance
Catch and throw

5. Dribbling a ball: Use a small ball, like a tennis ball or basketball, and dribble it with one hand while balancing on the board. Switch hands and practice dribbling with the other hand to improve coordination and reflexes.

 

6. Juggling scarves: If the patient is able to juggle, using lightweight scarves or balls while balancing on the board can be a fun way to challenge coordination and reflexes.

 

 

8. Mirror movements: Stand on the balance board facing a mirror. Use your hands to mimic various movements or patterns that you see in the mirror. This exercise helps improve coordination and pro-prioception.


Adding other balance exercises with that will enhance patient's stability like

 



exercise with theraband to optimized muscle power
exercise to increase core muscle power

1.Core strengthening exercises:* A strong core is essential for stability and balance. Exercises such as modified planks, seated core twists, and pelvic tilts can help strengthen the core muscles.





 

2. Weight shifting exercises: Weight shifting exercises can help improve the patient's ability to adjust their balance and centre of gravity. These can include side-to-side weight shifts, forward and backward weight shifts, and diagonal weight shifts.

 

3. Assisted standing exercises: If the patient is able to stand with assistance, exercises such as assisted standing with support, holding onto a stable surface, can help improve balance and stability.

 

Weight throwing techniques can empower patients by teaching them skills that will enable them to better perform daily activities.
Weight throwing

4. Balance training equipment: Utilizing balance training equipment such as balance pads, stability balls, or balance boards can help challenge and improve the patient's balance skills.

 

5. Standing balance exercises: If the patient is able to stand independently or with minimal support, exercises like single-leg stands, tandem stands (one foot in front of the other), or standing on uneven surfaces can be beneficial.

 

6. Tai Chi or yoga: These mind-body exercises focus on slow, controlled movements and can help improve balance, flexibility, and strength in paralysis patients.

 

7. Functional activities: Incorporate functional activities that mimic daily tasks to help the patient improve their balance and stability in real-life situations.

 

8. Consistency and progression: Consistent practice is key to seeing improvements in balance and stability. Start with exercises that are manageable for the patient and gradually increase the difficulty as their abilities improve.

 

9. Safety: Always ensure the safety of the patient during exercise sessions. Use proper support and assistance as needed to prevent falls or injuries.

 

Remember that each paralysis patient is unique, and it's important to tailor the exercises to their specific abilities and limitations. Working with a qualified healthcare professional or physical therapist can help create a customized balance training program that is safe and effective for the individual.

 



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